Panel: Collective Bargaining and Shared Governance: Findings from the 2021 AAUP Shared Governance Survey
The 2021 AAUP Shared Governance Survey, the first national governance survey in two decades, provides information about the state of faculty authority in academic decision making. In addition to comparing findings to AAUP governance standards and to findings from previous governance surveys conducted in 1971 and 2001, this year’s survey compared the level of faculty authority between institutions with and without a faculty union. Such findings relate to long-standing debates about whether differences in governance practices exist between unionized and nonunionized institutions. In 22 of 29 areas, the survey found no statistically significant differences in faculty authority between unionized and nonunionized institutions. These include areas of traditional faculty governance authority, such as curricular matters, and promotion and tenure. Consistent with findings dating back to 1977, this year’s survey found that institutions where the faculty engage in collective bargaining have higher levels of faculty authority in areas related to salary policies, teaching load, and chair selection. The survey also found that faculty at unionized campuses have greater authority in dean selection and higher levels of authority in two other areas that directly relate to terms and conditions of employment: policies related to intellectual property and policies related to modes of instruction, including online teaching. The panel will discuss these findings and the picture of the general state of shared governance that emerges from them.
Lynn Pasquerella has served as the president of the Association of American Colleges and Universities since July 2016. A philosopher whose career has combined teaching and scholarship with local and global engagement, she has continuously demonstrated a deep and abiding commitment to ensuring that all students have access to excellence in liberal education, regardless of their socioeconomic background. Pasquerella is a graduate of Quinebaug Valley Community College, Mount Holyoke College, and Brown University. She joined the faculty of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Rhode Island in 1985, rising rapidly through the ranks to the positions of vice provost for research, vice provost for academic affairs, and dean of the graduate school. In 2008, she was named provost of the University of Hartford. In 2010, she was appointed the eighteenth president of Mount Holyoke College. Pasquerella’s presidency of Mount Holyoke was marked by a robust strategic planning process; outreach to local, regional, and international constituencies; and a commitment to a vibrant campus community. Pasquerella has written extensively on medical ethics, metaphysics, public policy, and the philosophy of law. She is president of the Phi Beta Kappa Society, a member of the boards of the Lingnan Foundation and the National Humanities Alliance, and sits on the advisory board of the Newman’s Own Foundation. In addition, Pasquerella is host of Northeast Public Radio’s The Academic Minute. She has received honorary doctorates from Elizabethtown College, Bishop’s University, the University of Hartford, the University of South Florida, and the University of Rhode Island.
Timothy Reese Cain is an associate professor in the University of Georgia’s Louise McBee Institute of Higher Education, where he teaches graduate courses on historic and modern issues involving colleges, universities, and their stakeholders. His research includes studies of academic freedom, unions in higher education, student activism, and learning outcomes assessment. He is the author of Establishing Academic Freedom (Palgrave, 2012); Campus Unions: Organized Faculty and Graduate Students in U.S. Higher Education (ASHE Report Series, Jossey-Bass, 2017); and, with colleagues at the National Institute for Learning Outcomes Assessment, Using Evidence of Student Learning to Improve Higher Education (Jossey-Bass, 2015). Tim is an associate editor of the Review of Higher Education and formerly served in the same role for the History of Education Quarterly. He earned an B.A. at Duke University, an M.A. at The Ohio State University, and a Ph.D. at the University of Michigan.
Hans-Joerg Tiede is Director of Research at the American Association of University Professors. He conducts survey research on academic freedom, tenure, and governance. He has also written on the history of the AUP and the development of academic freedom, tenure, and governance in the United States. Before joining the staff of the AAUP, he was a professor of computer science at Illinois Wesleyan University. He is the editor of Policy Documents and Reports (the AAUP “Redbook”) and author of University Reform: The Founding of the American Association of University Professors (both Johns Hopkins University Press, 2015).
Michael Loconto is a Boston-based arbitrator and mediator providing neutral, independent and impartial dispute resolution services for labor-management relationships. Mike is listed on the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Services Roster of Arbitrators and other private dispute resolution rosters, and has signficant experience in K-12 and higher education, skilled and manual trades, construction (including project labor agreements and jurisdictional disputes), public safety, dining services, athletics, public sector, and technology workers. Mike has two decades of experience as a thought leader and convener in the fields of labor relations and employment law, previously serving as an in-house counsel to a small college and a labor and employment relations leader for a large university and a major metropolitan city. Mike has worked with union representatives and neutrals to co-lead the Higher Education Industry Council for the Labor and Employee Relations Association and the District Capacity Project of the Massachusetts Education Partnership, and has led or presented on a number of labor-management issues before LERA and the National Centers. He has taught legal writing and research to first-year law students at his alma mater, Northeastern University School of Law, and has lectured on school law for undergraduate education students. In Spring 2022, Mike is teaching a course on contracts for union representatives at The Labor Guild School of Labor-Management Relations in Boston. He maintains offices in Minneapolis and Fort Lauderdale.